عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of individual and group play therapy on resilience in elementary school students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The statistical population of this study included all elementary school students of Tehran City in year academic 2018-2019. Using targeted sampling method, 60 of them were selected and randomly assigned to two experiment groups and one control group (each group consisting of 20 student). To collect data, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) (2003) was utilized. This quasi- experimental study was conducted with a pretest-posttest design with control group. The experimental groups underwent individual play therapy(10 sessions 45 minutes) and group play therapy (10 sessions 60 minutes), but the control group received no training. Data were analyzed using Covariance Analysis. The results showed that both individual and group play therapy were effective to increasing the resilience of elementary school students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (p<0.01). Also, the results showed that individual play therapy had a greater effect on the improvement of resilience of elementary school students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (p<0.01). The results showed that individual and group play therapy can be used to increase the resilience in ADHD students. It is suggested that these two treatments be used in schools for ADHD children.