عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of educating children's literature on emotional and behavioral problems of orphaned children. The methodology of this research was quasi experimental with pretest, posttest and follow up and control group. Among orphan children and children with uncaring parents 20 children aged 3 to 6 years old selected by Convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into experimental group (10 children) and control group (10 children). Data collected using problems and strengths questionnaire (teacher form) in pretest, posttest and follow-up stages. The questionnaire is used for ages 3-16 and includes 5 subscales: emotional signs, conduct problems, hyperactivity, attention deficit, peer relationship problems and prosocial problems. For the experimental group, 10 one-hour sessions to teach children's literature including story, poetry, song and lullaby have been held and any intervention wasn't applied for the control group, too. In posttest, both groups were assessed. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance with repeated measures. The results revealed a significant difference through mean scores in both groups. The findings suggested that teaching children's literature reduce four behavioral and emotional disorders including emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity, and problems with peers and also increased appropriate behaviors in children (P≤ 0/05). Follow-up showed that the results are lasting during time.