نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار دانشکده روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران
2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی، تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Aim: The aim of the present research was to study the relationship between dimensions of parenting styles and coping style. Since that intelligence, as an important cognitive component, could clarify the use of different styles, this relationship was compared in two groups of gifted and normal students. Methods: It was a correlation and Ex post facto research. The community of the study was gifted and normal 14-19 ages females of Tehran. The sample (137 female high school students, 34 gifted and 103 normal) was selected via cluster sampling and completed coping styles and perceived parenting styles questionnaires. Data was analyzed by correlation coefficient, stepwise regression and z-test. Results: The results showed that there was a negative relationship between avoidance – flight coping style and warmth dimension of parenting styles in total sample. For gifted students, control dimension of parenting style predicted avoidance-flight coping style reversely and for normal students, control dimension predicted reversely the use of seeking social support coping style. Moreover, warmth dimension of parenting style had a positive relationship with seeking social support coping style in gifted students, and Z-test showed that this relationship significantly different between two groups. Conclusion: These results indicated the effect of parenting styles on children’s coping styles. This effect maybe different based on children’s characteristics like cognitive ability.