نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the present research was to study the psychometric properties of the Persian versionof social-emotional assets and resilience scale for normal and deaf preschool children in Isfahan City. This study was a descriptive research of survey type. The statistical population of the present research included 382 experts and mothers of normal and deaf preschool children of Isfahan City in 2018-2019 academic year. The sample included respectively 10, 310 and 62 experts and mothers of normal and deaf children who were selected randomly. Assessment tool included Social-Emotional Assets and Resilience Scale for preschool children (SEARS). Viewpoints of 10 experts were gathered to assess the questionnaire’s face and content validity. Lawshe method and Waltz & Bausell method were used to calculate content validity index. Construct validity was analyzed using factor analysis. The reliability of scale was calculated using Cronbach’s alpha.The scale was constructed in 5 subscales and 42 items with a set of 4 answer choices for each question. The face validity and content validity (CVI=0/83) was confirmed. Content validity index was 0/83, 0/89, 0/83, 0/81 and 0/84 for subscales of self-regulation, social competence, empathy, responsibility and emotional knowledge, respectively. The reliability using Cronbach’s alpha was 0/88 for the total score and 0/87, 0/86, 0/90, 0/84 and 0/85 for the subscales, respectively.The Social-Emotional Assets and Resilience Scale for normal and deaf preschool children has been shown to be a valid and reliable tool. Therefore, it is capable to be used in Iranian society and can be used for assessing emotional competency of normal and deaf preschool children.